The Friday Prayer In Ahadith And Traditions


All the Muslims have the consensus regarding the Friday prayer (salat al-jumu’ah) being wajib in accordance with the words of God, the Exalted:

يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِي لِلصَّلاَةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ

O believers, when proclamation is made for prayer on the Day of Congregation (yawm al-jumu’ah) hasten to God’s remembrance and leave trading aside (Qur’an 62:9)

Friday is the fifth day of the week. The word Jummah means the day of Friday. Its literal meaning is Congregation.  No other day of the week is given this importance in Islam as Friday is given. There are many ahadith and tradition regarding Friday prayer some of them are given below:

أهَمِّيَّةُ صَلاةِ الجُمُعَةِ

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن تَرَكَ ثلاثَ جُمَعٍ تَهاوُناً بها طَبَعَ اللّه‏ُ على قَلبِهِ.

The Prophet (S) said, ‘Whoever misses three Friday prayers, being indifferent to them, Allah seals his heart.’[Wasa’il al-Shi’ah, v. 5, p. 6, no. 25]

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الجُمُعَةُ حَجُّ المَساكِينِ.

The Prophet (S) said, ‘The Friday prayer is the pilgrimage (Hajj) of the poor.’[al-Da’aawat, p. 37, no. 91]

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن أتَى الجُمُعَةَ إيماناً واحتِساباً استَأنَفَ العَمَلَ.

The Prophet (S) said, ‘Whoever attends the Friday prayer faithfully and contentedly is able to resume his work [immediately thereafter].’ [al-Faqih, v. 1, p. 427, no. 1260]

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): صلاةُ الجُمُعَةِ فَريضَةٌ، والاجتِماعُ إلَيها فَريضَةٌ مع الإمامِ، فإن تَرَكَ رَجُلٌ مِن غَيرِ عِلَّةٍ ثلاثَ جُمَعٍ فَقَد تَرَكَ ثلاثَ فَرائضَ، ولا يَدَعُ ثلاثَ فَرائضَ مِن غَيرِ عِلَّةٍ إلّا مُنافِقٌ .

Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) said, ‘The Friday prayer is an obligation, and congregating for it in the presence of an Imam [Imam as in one of the twelve divinely appointed Imams (a.s.) (ed.)] is an obligation, so if someone misses three Friday prayers without an excuse, it is as if he has abandoned the performance of three obligations, and none but a hypocrite abandons three obligations without an excuse.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 89, p. 184, no. 21]

أدَبُ سَماعِ الخُطبَةِ

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا كلامَ والإمامُ يَخطُبُ ولا التِفاتَ إلّا كما يَحِلُ‏في الصَّلاةِ.

Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘There must be no talking while the leader of the prayer is giving the sermon, nor looking around except to the extent permissible in the prayer.’[al-Faqih, v. 1, p. 416, no. 1230]


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